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neoconservatives as a whole are divided over the merits of promoting the exiled opposition, recognising that the parties are torn by internal rivalries and enjoy little support inside Iran.
Financial Times Wrote: In Congress, the proposed Iran Freedom and Support Act, sponsored by senators Rick Santorum and John Cornyn, calls on the administration to back "regime change" and promote and fund the transition to a democratic government through alliances with opposition groups that renounce terrorism. Some exiles believe around $100m (EU75m, £55m) will be laid out. Others say this figure is too high. Funding of $3m for Iranian opposition activities has already been inserted by Congress in the 2005 budget on the initiative of Senator Sam Brownback, a Kansas Republican. Despite these efforts, neoconservatives as a whole are divided over the merits of promoting the exiled opposition, recognising that the parties are torn by internal rivalries and enjoy little support inside Iran. The administration is not very enthusiastic about the legislation either, despite the president's oft cited support for the democratic aspirations of the Iranian people. One official said present policy was not to embrace the regime change option. But there was interest in supporting groups that would help to "modify" Iran's behaviour through promoting democracy. Patrick Clawson of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy doubts "regime change" will make it through Congress, and says the exiles' funding hopes are just "dreams". Patrick Clawson of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy doubts "regime change" will make it through Congress, and says the exiles' funding hopes are just "dreams". The State Department's Middle East Partnership Initiative has sought to identify pro-democracy groups inside Iran for funding, but has not found any. Officials are also aware that any group known to receive US money would be targeted by the regime immediately. Congress says their identities would be kept secret. Some analysts say the proposed legislation, whether explicit about regime change or not, is a foolish waste of "feel-good" money that will only undermine diplomatic efforts by the EU to negotiate a way out of the nuclear crisis.

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