From the time Mojahedin was established up to now, the process of secession has been the most important problem of this
From the time Mojahedin was established up to now, the process of secession has been the most important problem of this group.
Only in a short period, at the beginning of the group's establishment when there was no organization in the group, one could separate from the group without any strict protest or criticism. But, the more the group became organized, the more it becomes harder to separate. Protest and criticism were considered as counter-value and secession as a penalty.
Since 1972 when the aggression spread its shadow over the group, secession could bring negative consequences for the group and individuals. So, the members were prevented from secession by this pretext.
Then in 1975 in which separation divided the group to two parts, whether in the part outside the prison or the part inside it, secession from the group was considered as obvious hostility.
On the basis of a non-written law, secession became the synonym of disloyalty, and the traitor was sentenced to death.
Regarding the aspects and criticisms mentioned by the defectors, the process of secession is divided to two parts:
1- from the beginning of the group's establishment up to 1981
2- since 1981 up to now
At first, the main conflict between those separated and the group was theoretical.
These criticisms were due to the group's nature, constituted from contradictory and incompatible views (Marxism-Islam) which the leaders of the group tried to link them to each other illogically.
Those inclined to left, asked for formal and transparent declaration of a position indicating the acceptance of Marxism and those dependent to the religious enlightenment realized that Islam in this group has only a superficial role.
We can name engineer Abdi nikbeen from those separated at the first round, one of the group's main organizers who was in fact group's leftist theoretician. We can also mention Bahman Bazargani and other influential personages who separated from the group before being structurally organized.
The group with a division was under the control of leftist inclination in 1975, when it accepted the Marxism position formally and most of Mojahedin members being outside the prison accepted it.
Though this division was almost free from simply theoretic dimensions and was in fact a downward selection.
Although Mojahedin claimed that this division took place at the time of influential members' absence and during military situation of Shah Governorship, the essential case was the incompatibility of Marxist and Islamic ideologies.
The presence of some personages such as Hussein Rohani, Torab Haghshenas and Puran Bazargan, who were first and theoretician members of the group, among the separated ones confirms this view.
Majid Sharif Vaghei, one of the most famous personages among those who resisted against the process of secession, was erased in an account clearing. (He believed in initial rules of the group)
Before this also, we can find some cases indicating use of force and physical elimination such as the assassination of Mirza Ja'far Allaf.
So the suffering era of the separated ones started since 1975.
Outside the prison those who had religious tendencies, and by some reasons accompanied the group for challenging, were now jailed in club houses and were obliged to take position toward the new method (death or Marxism). To evaluate their Marxist belief, first separated their wives from them, and to test husbands' religious and manly prejudices, took them (separated wives) to other club houses to abuse.
In the next stages they sent men to work so that their so-called bourgeois characteristics could be resolved. In the end, it was decided to eliminate those who resist this deviation.
We could find such a situation, sometimes worse, in prisons as well:
Those who were religious and accepted Islam were humiliated, under the hardest pressures, and were called as "underdeveloped". This is what they did with their unsympathetic friends, and had clear demarcation with other religious processes.
Among those separated from the group during this period we can name Seyed Javad Mansoori, Ahmad Ahmad, Lotfollah Meisami, Engineer Gharazi, Behzad Nabavi, and some Hezbollah members cooperating with Mojahedin.
This humiliation was not limited to religious people. Even some members who had followed Marxism were prevented from expressing it freely and the group's reason for them was that we should not lag from extremists and our popularity should not be ruined. Many of those who were executed by Shah's regime couldn't express their positions due to this very policy.
After revolution also up to 1981, secession process showed itself in another form. This time, conflicts referred generally to the type of relations and positions of organizational laws. Of course, these criticisms penetrated also into the principles.
In this stage, the group's authorities in abroad and student's association establishers were those who could express their thoughts by publishing a book.
They announced: "the organization has entered a dead end alley by adopting unstable and non-monotheistic methods, and has now reached the final point of the dead-end alley."
The famous personages of this process, Mr.Hussein Rafi'ee, Reza Ra'eesi and Hamid Nuhi, had really valuable and essential criticisms toward the group's deviations.
- second stage:
Since 1981, along with adopting terroristic method toward Iran and uniting with liberals, a critical tendency toward the principles and positions of the group appeared among the members and active sympathizers. The spectrum of the separated ones was very wide:
1- Those that introduced themselves at first to the prosecution centers and many others stopped cooperating with the group at the very beginning.
2- Those who were arrested, and Iran government took them to principle deadlock by a few questions.
3- Those abroad were surprised by adoption of terroristic method, and this made them separate from the group.
4- Some of the forces coming to the terroristic operational scene had many doubts and questions.
The process never ended and moved upwardly contrary to the period of Shah Governorship. Parviz Yakubi, one of influential personages, the one who was always present in the critical points of the group, took position against the group's political and organizational deviation.
Although he paid less attention to the ideological and principle criticisms, he created an important headline in the process of secession.
With explaining group's tactic and strategic weaknesses, denying the unification with liberals and most importantly terroristic method adoption, he opened a new window in the process of secession.
The process of secession was intensified once again in 1985, while group was going to be more closed to the U.S. abroad and going to accept factional views inside.
From then on, the group received promises and commitments from its members implying that they won't leave the group. And they announced that the wages of secession is death and prison.
The group became very fragile due to suffering from strokes, and from then on the plan of prison for secession was done.
For them, now the process of secession was harder than the dark years of leftist authority. Since the separated ones were jailed in distant regions of Iraq and no one was aware of their destiny except the organizational guards.
The group's errors went beyond the tactic and strategic weaknesses and principle deviations. Now the group had attacked all the aspects of an individual's personality. The group separated husbands and wives from each other and kids from their parents, forced the members to confess their sexual affairs, and their political-organizational weaknesses
All this, which was done in order to control the members, led to the expansion of process of secession, and in 1991 the larges group separated from them.
1970s has been bloodiest days for those who wanted to separate from the group. The tortures, harms and damages they did to the separated ones led even to the world communities.
The "Torture" by Norouz Ali Rezvani (one of these separated ones) reveals most of these facts. This book is in fact a report to the Red Cross.
"Mr. President, now there's nothing left from me except a thin body crushed by the mental and physical tortures of Mr.Rajavi's totalitarian organization based in Iraq. I wish to experience life once again."
Mojahedin built cells like graves for those who wanted to separate, tortured them, exiled them to Romadi, transferred them to prisons in Iraq and didn't let them to leave the camps or Iraq soil. Started unprecedented mental war against them and continued it up to now.
It seems that, this process hasn't decreased. It is increasing, continuous and showing off in front of the entity of the group.
Reviewing the process of secession after 1981, reveal two points:
1- the continuation of this process and its increasing trend, proves that the group and its leaders are not listening to the criticisms at all, have not changed their position and think of physical encounter. But as we see this process continues.
2- The group's aggressive respond toward its forces and the limited situation of the group is the reason why process of secession could never appear in democratic standards in order to appear in the form of a division.
Finally, although the separated ones couldn't reach cohesion outside the organizational situation, their complaining cries have become a foundation that takes this group, inside and abroad, to the conscience moral courts.
Iranian Interior Minister Abdolreza Rahmani Fazli called for tougher measures against the Mojahedin-e Khalq Organization (MKO, also known as the MEK, PMOI and NCRI) terrorist group by the European Union...