Mojahedin quit their slogans to become closer to the US….
Soon after MKO's war against new Islamic state, in order to open the way of fighting imperialism, the leader of Mojahedin was accepted in a western country and he turned his resident place in Paris to a military and propaganda headquarters against Islamic republic.
He met representatives of communist and socialist parties from Europe and Asia and established warm and close relations with Palestine Liberation Organization.
Most of the activities of this group were done in India, Greece and Italy. Gradually, representatives of this group penetrated to some socialist parties in Europe, particularly Germany and France.
One of the reports of this group shows who the friends and supporters of MKO during 1981-1982 were:
Brothers in the association of Italy Students made contact with more than 170 people, parties, personalities and parliamentarian groups as follows:
1. Italy's Communist Party
2. Proletarian Unity Party
3. Italy's Social Democratic Party
4. Italian Republican Party
5. General Federation of Socialist youths
6. Proletaria's Cultural Center
7. Michele Eklili, member of Central Socialist Party (1)
At this time, Mojahedin still scorned Sullivan, former US ambassador to Iran, for his comments in condemning the assassination of Ayatollah Dr. Beheshti (2)
Mojahedin also criticized Iran for having economical relations with the US and believed that it's a result of capitalistic nature of this country. (3)
Turning to the West Starts
A number of important events took place during 1982-1983 by which Mojahedin learned that the only thing which can take them to the victory is "going toward the US and quitting childish anti-imperialist slogans."
First, MKO's military machine appeared as fast as thunder and then it was halted. MKO leaders understood soon that they have no popular support and they can't do anything with a few armed militia either. So, they invested on propagandistic plans.
Elsewhere, Rajavi has admitted that "we had underestimated the abilities of Islamic republic's leader"!!
The fact of Iran-Iraq battle scene was another fact that woke Mojahedin up from sleep. Mojahedin were deeply aware that the West and the US want Iraq to be the victorious side in this battle and that they offer any kind of support to achieve this goal. So, their analysis was that "joining the powerful west can introduce them as an alternative for Islamic state and also it can put them on the power throne. One yare later, this reasoning became one of the basis of MKO-Iran unity.
Finally, an event caused Mojahedin to have a 180 degree turn toward the US, their old enemy!
On December 3, 1983, third committee of UN General Assembly, which acts on human affairs and violation of human rights, started its meetings in New York in order to provide reports and present them to the General Assembly.
Mojahedin sent their man of diplomacy, Kazem Rajavi, to the US. He could meet a number of representatives and ambassadors of some countries (most of which belonging to Non-Aligned Movement) and inform them of MKO's plan to take Iran's name to the list of Human Rights' violators. The response of 110 members of 158 countries (members of third committee) was deeply disappointing.
Rajavi came back to Paris to present his report, although he was empty handed. But his experiences had taught him that the way of savior for them passes through the US. So, he suggested his younger brother to be clear!
The last event as the final blow to the strategy of the group which accelerated MKO's movement toward the West was the involvement of CIA.
From 1981, when Mojahedin-e Khalq took out their weapons and stood against the revolutionary people of Iran, CIA was following the events eagerly.
For CIA officials, it's not important whether the one they employ has put a US flag on his chest or is criticizing the US values or even considers himself an anti-imperialist. Amazingly, they like the latter one the most. Mojahedin-e Khalq were people which republican Hawks couldn't justify their cooperation with. When FBI was trying to infiltrate MKO in the "Operation Suture", CIA had a better project: making contact with secret bridges in the group and suggesting cooperation (which was at first limited to giving reports about group's situation in the US and satisfying some financial needs of the group).
So, Mojahedin opened their way toward the alluring world of the West. Inside MKO, reasons and logics fade very soon, for Rajavi is the source of it.
So, the replaced value was as follows:
"we, as a revolutionary force, used the contrast between imperialism and Iran to get to the power!"
Funny point in this reasoning was that earlier, they said Iran should be destroyed in order to destroy imperialism and now they said that imperialism should be asked for help in order to destroy Iranian government!!
Mojahedin-e Khalq, showed turning to the west by accepting free trade and economy, secularity, and avoiding from Leftist groups and quitting anti-American slogans. But the US government , then headed by Ronald Ragan, which was a front for facing cold war, had deep knowledge of different communist tactics. They were familiar with the thoughts of Lenin and his moves during the First World War.
In the first reaction, US strategists said MKO's shows are a tactic to become closer to the US and take advantage of its differences with Iran. This analysis was completely right.
So, the attitude in the US toward Mojahedin was, from the beginning, combined with uncertainty and doubt. They looked at MKO's history rather than its current situation.
Under this uncertainty and doubt, three viewpoints were formed about Mojahedin:
1. The view of State Department which was US's diplomatic attitude toward this group. State Department has banned cooperation with this terrorist group.
2. The view of some congressmen and Hawks, which was some times supported by military and pentagon officials. This view is based on "the enemy of my enemy is my friend." Mojahedin have taken advantage of this view.
3. The view of those who didn't like press and officials to enter this case. What was important for them was cooperation of this group. The purpose was to take the group to a given point. This view was represented by CIA and its short-term goal was to combing MKO and Iraqi military force in order to strengthen blows to Iran.
US state department during Ragan presidency announced Mojahedin as a violent and non-democratic group.
Mojahedin-e Khalq described it as Iran Gate and expressed their dissatisfaction over it.
In June 1984, the names of 40 Congressmen were announced as the supporters of Mojahedin-e Khalq. (4)
These people had congratulated the group for starting armed battle against Iran and had supported its terrorist acts.
Supporter No. 35 was Mervin Daimly. He went on to support MKO to the extent that he was called American member of MKO in the Congress!
He event took photos with Mojahedin, before their operations against Iran, and encouraged them. He spoke at the meetings of this group and took steps to create a lobby for them in the US.
But there's no doubt that the most complex type of US-MKO relation was in the presence of military forces of this group in Iraq and establishing offices in Washington, New York and other States of the US. They were allowed to attend in the UN commissions and security guards supported them without any restrictions. These were signs of pragmatic attitude that CIA followed.
In the next part, mentioned views will be analyzed.
(1) Mojahedin Journal. No. 180, 1983
(2) Mojahedin Journal, No. 158
(3) Mojahedin Journal, No. 175
(4) Mojahedin Journal, No. 209, 1984
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